Monday, 30 April 2012

UK Water Demand & Supply Case Study

Somebody asked for this, but it's not the case study I'm doing so this is just me copying what's in my book, it's all I've got since I know nothing about this.. :S Hope it helps anyway. 
I'll add some posts about water supply and demand that hopefully you can apply to this case study. :) 

Meeting the rising demand for water in England and Wales
Daily water consumption in England and Wales is about 120 litres per person per day. This is not a particularly high figure compared to 309 litres for France and 185 litres for Germany.

Water consumption in Britain has been rising along with the growth of population.
However, over the last 200 years, it has been given a number of pushes.
  1. The growth in manufacturing in the early 19th century. With deindustrialization in the second half of the 20th century, manufacturing uses less water (now 14%). Other consumers now account for more water use. Most notable is the use of water in the generation of electricity. More water is being used today to irrigate crops (14%) to feed a growing population and British citizens are using more water in their homes (20%). More homes today have washing machines, dishwashers and swimming pools.

Water is important in making electricity in two ways:
·   It is used to turn the turbines that generate the electricity, as in HEP (hydroelectric power).
·   It is converted into steam by the burning of fossil fuels and the steam turns the turbines.

The problem that faces England and Wales is that the distribution pattern of water demand is different from that of water supply (Figure 1.27). The highest water demand is in SE England which happens to be the driest part of the country. Water is most readily available (the rainfall is highest) in upland areas that are mainly located in Wales and the north of England. The mismatch between demand and supply creates different levels of water stress (Figure 1.28). Clearly the greatest water stress lies in the south-east of England. It is being tackled as follows:
·         Extracting as much water as possible from the aquifers of SE England
·         Constructing reservoirs in the north and west of the country to collect as much rainfall as possible. Famous reservoir schemes include Lake Vyrnwy in Wales and Kielder in NE England
·         Transferring this collected water by pipeline to the main reas of water deficit, i.e. the major cities of the Midlands and South
There is no doubt that meeting the rising demand for water is a challenge for the UK. Attempts are being made to reduce water consumption by encouraging a much more efficient use of the available water and to eliminate water wastage.


  1. thank you so much michelle! saved me for my upcoming igcses! :)

  2. you just copied it from the textbook... :/

    1. yes, that's what I said at the top of the post since this was not a case study I learnt..

  3. When you've lost your igcse revision guide, this is absolutely perfect! Thank you

  4. hi my name is terrence lim

  5. Is there any further reading you would recommend on this?

    Business water supply

  6. You copyed this from Edexcel Igcse geography textbook

    Chapter 1 last case study... Thanks anyways it still helps;)


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Note: This blog will no longer be updated as I finished IGCSEs in 2012. Sorry! :( If you are interested in buying IB notes though, please contact me. :)