Taipei 101 is located in .
It started construction in 1999 and was completed in 2004. It is 101 stories
above ground and 5 stories below. It is 509.2 meters tall. Taipei, Taiwan
1. The design of this building achieves strength and flexibility
through the use of high performance steel construction.
101 is supported by 36 columns, as
well as 8 ‘mega columns’ made with 10,000 psi (pounds per square inch-a unit of
pressure) concrete. Taipei
2. Every 8 floors, outrigger trusses connect columns in the building’s core to those on the exterior. This makes it one of the most stable buildings in the world.
3. The foundation of the
101 is very strong. It has 380 piles 80 meters deep in the ground, it extends
as far as 30 meters into the bedrock. Each pile is 1.5 meters in diameter and
can withstand a load of 1,000-1,320 tonnes. Taipei
4. One interesting feature of the
101 is its steel pendulum. It serves
as a tuned mass damper that weighs 660 tonnes. It cost US$ 4 million. It is
suspended from the 92nd to the 88th floor and can be
viewed. It is computer controlled, if the building sways to one side due to
strong winds or seismic waves, it goes in the opposite direction. It offsets
the movement of the building. This keeps the building balanced and prevents it
from being top-heavy and collapsing. Taipei
5. The blue-green glass are double paned and glazed. They offer heat and ultraviolet protection and can block external heat by up to 50%. It can sustain impacts of 7 tonnes.
|Tuned Mass Damper|